Enterostomy people, pay attention to these 4 points

Enterostomy people, pay attention to these 4 points - HEAGI - Colostomy bags Specialist
People with a stoma do not need to eat a special diet, because a stoma is not a disease. As each person's physique and habits are different, the initial diet after surgery should be light and easy to digest. The diet during the recovery period and the recovery period is based on reasonable nutrition and the principle of balanced diet, which can be adjusted according to personal preferences. You can choose the same diet as before surgery.

However, the following 4 types of food should be properly avoided:
1.Eat less gas-producing food because the enterostomy has no sphincter to regulate the excretion of feces, so patients need to wear an ostomy bag to mourn the waste discharged from the intestines. Excessive intestinal gas production, which accumulates in the ostomy bag, can cause the ostomy bag to bulge and detract from the patient's appearance. Certain behaviors such as chewing gum, smoking, eating and talking can also increase intestinal gas. [Gas-producing foods] Fruits and beverages will increase gas production in the intestines, such as beans, cabbage, mustard greens, cucumbers, green peppers, leeks, peas, radishes, onions, sweet potatoes, chocolate, apples, watermelons, cantaloupes, carbonated drinks, beer Wait. Certain behaviors such as chewing gum, smoking, and talking while eating can also increase intestinal gas. Therefore, it is advisable to chew slowly when eating and talk less when eating to reduce swallowing air.

2. Less consumption of odorous food The emission of bad odor may become the most headache problem for stoma patients. Bad smells usually come from steatorrhea or when bacteria in the gut ferment certain foods, producing an acidic and unpleasant smell. If the ostomy bag worn by the patient does not have an anti-odor function, they should eat less food that is prone to odor.
[Foods that produce peculiar smells] include corn, onions, fish, eggs, garlic, garlic, asparagus, cabbage, cauliflower, and spicy condiments. Drink more fat-free milk or yogurt, and eat green leafy vegetables with high chlorophyll content to help control fecal odor. If the odor is quite obvious, you can also take bismuth subcarbonate, activated carbon tablets, and chlorophyll tablets orally. It should be noted, however, that taking these medications may cause a change in stool color.
3. It is very important for people with colostomy to avoid eating foods that are prone to constipation. The stool is too hard, and it is easy to cause stoma bleeding when it is discharged. Long-term constipation can easily lead to prolapse of the colostomy. The consistency of stool is related to the type of food eaten, as well as the timing and frequency of meals, medications taken and the patient's mood.
[Foods that cause constipation] Guava, chocolate, overnight tea, etc.; aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate and morphine drugs are also easy to cause constipation. When constipation occurs, the best way is to drink more water, eat more vegetables and fruits, eat foods with a laxative effect such as bananas, sweet potatoes, etc., and do appropriate exercise at the same time. Immediately go to the toilet when you feel the urge to defecate, and put your hand on the umbilicus. Massage around in a clockwise direction to help bowel movements and facilitate bowel movements. If necessary, take laxatives under the guidance of a doctor.
4. Avoid eating foods that are prone to diarrhea. Because of the incomplete intestinal function, people with stoma are more likely to have gastrointestinal discomfort than normal people, especially diarrhea. Diarrhea in colostomy means thin or watery stools. Fecal water irritates the skin around the stoma. At the same time, massive diarrhea can cause electrolyte imbalance and dehydration, so it should be taken seriously. People with stoma should pay special attention to the quality of food in their diet. The food should be fresh, clean and hygienic, and they should eat less greasy food. At the same time, when trying a new food, it is best not to eat too much at one time, and only eat more next time when there is no adverse reaction.
[Foods that cause diarrhea] Foods that are prone to diarrhea include curry, cabbage, spinach, mung beans, foods with high concentrations of spices (prickly ash, star anise, garlic, etc.), red beans, pumpkin seeds, loofah, alcohol, beer, etc. If you have diarrhea symptoms, you should eat low-fiber, less fried foods, as well as some soluble-fiber foods such as stewed apples, applesauce, bananas, creamy peanut butter, and rolled oats. Also drink solutions that are high in sodium and potassium to replenish lost fluids and electrolytes (such as juices, degreasing broths, etc.), general antibiotics may cause loose stools or diarrhea. Some antiacid drugs can also cause diarrhea or constipation, so they should not be taken casually. Diarrhea without relief or severe diarrhea should go to the hospital in time.


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